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  種原基因之保存、繁衍與利用為本土畜牧資源之一,配合農業觀光的拓展,畜產資源調查、規劃與開發利用是畜產研究的重要課題。值此農業結構轉變時機,期望此一網站能給各界人士認識本土家畜禽生產特性與農民新的畜牧經營理念。

  畜牧業原為農村副業,但因品種的改進和企業經營模式的推廣,今日的畜牧事業已形成台灣農業之重要產業,其經營已由副業邁向專業企業化經營。本土畜產種原有耐熱性、耐粗性、抗病性、早熟性、多產性和特殊風味性的特質,因此加強研究這些種原特性,並設法融入現有的經濟生產體系,不僅可使我國成為亞熱帶畜產科技國,更確保我國固有的珍貴基因資產。台灣的家畜禽族群之繁衍模式,需要社會的每一份子來參與並提供意見。

Conservation and utilization of genetic resource of local breeds is one of research missions in animal sciences as part of continued agriculture. There are four major tasks in the establishment of animal germplasm conservations; collection, maintenance, evaluation, and utilization.  Germplasm may be defined as the total genetic diversity of a species. Continued increases in animal production require improved varieties, and animal improvement is certainly dependent upon genetic diversity.  Germplasm preservations maintain portions of this diversity to meet the needs of the animal breeders and producers, sometimes even to serve out society from a culture aspect.

The local breeds usually has a smaller body size, slower growth rate and less lean meat content but had one or more adapting characteristics to their living environment in the past, such as prolificacy of Taoyuan pig, heat tolerance of yellow cattle, disease-resistance of water buffalo, twinning of black goat, prolific laying ability of Tsaiya duck, roughage tolerance of Chinese goose, meat flavor of country chicken, and early maturity of miniature pig. They have lived on the same piece of earth with us for many years but they need to face the fate of elimination from the market-place due to less production values and interbred with other exotic varieties frequently. Taiwan Livestock Research Institute, included her animal propagation stations and research stations together with universities' Animal Science Department under financial support in part from the Council of Agriculture, Republic of China, have conducted the nation-wise project of animal germplasm conservation program to save these native animals since 1987.

歡迎蒞臨
畜產種原
資訊網
Welcome to
Animal Genetic Resources Information Network

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行政院農業委員會

畜產試驗所

台南市新化區牧場112號

電話:(06)5911211分機312

 

 Taiwan Livestock Research Institute

Council of Agriculture

112 Muchang, Hsinhua, Tainan,

Taiwan 712 (R.O.C.)

 Tel: 886-6-5911211 ext. 312