種公豬性能檢定資料庫網際網路化之研究

李世昌(1) 張秀鑾(1) 吳明哲(1) 余珮瑜(1) 蔡秀容(1) 宋永義(2) 陳保(2) 劉桂柱(2)

(1)行政院農業委員會畜產試驗所 (2)台灣區種豬發展基金會

種豬場登錄豬的後裔公豬在位於台南新化的畜產試驗所檢定站進行生長性能檢定,自1989年9月起至1999年8月止完成40期公豬檢定,計有3796頭公豬參檢,完檢率為82.8%。1989年至1995年間檢定公豬之開檢體重為30公斤,而於1996年後因配合全國性豬瘟撲滅計畫,而改為40公斤開檢,且均以110公斤為完檢體重。公豬檢定期間之日增重、飼料效率及達110公斤體重的日齡和背脂厚度,以及依同期檢定平均計算離均差而評估之種豬選拔指數,均逐項予以網際網路化。該資料庫可查詢每一期之任何完檢豬資料,包括原場耳號、出生日期、同窩仔豬數、父畜登錄名號、母畜登錄名號、日增重、飼料效率、背脂厚度、選拔指數、送檢場及緊迫基因型等。歷年來檢定公豬達110㎏體重之最小日齡在藍瑞斯、約克夏與杜洛克分別為128 (199905期),134 (199609期)與131 (199905期)日齡。

關鍵語:資料庫、生長、全球資訊網。

 

DEVELOPMENT OF INTERNET-BASED DATABASE FOR GROWTH
PERFORMANCE TESTED YOUNG BOARS

S. C. Lee(1), H. L. Chang(1), M. C. Wu(1), P. Y. Yu(1), H. R. Tsai(1),
Y. Y. Song(2), B. H. Chen(2) and. K. C. Liu(2)

(1)Taiwan Livestock Research Institute, Council of Agriculture
(2) Swine Improvement Foundation of Taiwan

Young boars with registered parent(s) were performance tested in Taiwan Livestock Research Institute, COA since September 1989. There were 40 contemporary groups finishing the growth performance tests in the station by August 1999. In total, there were 3796 boars in attendance, and 82.8% completed the tests. Starting weight was set around 30 kg during 1989 and 1995, and then increased to 40 kg in accordance with the requirements of national hog cholera free project since then. End weight was set as 110 kg during all testing periods mentioned. Average daily gain, feed efficiency and backfat thickness were recorded and evaluated as a contemporary group deviation form for selection index calculation purpose. Furthermore, all the informative information from original data and evaluated results were stored in an internet-based database. The performance tested data and related information can be inquired easily in anywhere of World Wide Web accessible. In addition, the economic important traits such as genotype of PSS, lineage information such as registration information, and performance of parents tested can be also hyper linked recursively through web. Minimum ages of tested boars at 110 ㎏body weight were 128, 134 and 131 days of age in L (199905 tested group), Y (199609 tested group) and D (199905 tested group), respectively.

Key words: Database, Growth, World Wide Web.