中國畜牧學會會誌35(增刊)  ,2006
J. Chin. Soc. Anim. Sci. 35(Suppl.)

152

88.畜試土雞近親品系九與來亨雞正反雜交後裔之生長與繁殖性能

 

鍾秀枝(1)、 林德育(1)、 黃祥吉(1)、 林義福(1)、 張秀鑾(2)、吳明哲(1)

行政院農業委員會畜產試驗所(1) 國立屏東科技大學(2)

 

為建立土雞基因定位研究之參考族群,利用畜試土雞近親品系九(L9)與來亨雞(P)進行正反雜交產生雜交一代後,在以全同胞配種生產雜交二代,雜交組合為P9(來亨雞P♂×L9♀)與9P(L9♂×來亨雞P♀)。比較不同雜交組合之雜交一代與雜交二代雞隻之生長與繁殖性能之表現。結果顯示雜交一代之9P達16週齡之體重在雄雞與雌雞皆較P9重(P<0.001),雜交一代9P母雞亦有較高的40週齡體重(P<0.05);而雜交一代之P9母雞則較9P母雞有較高的產蛋數(P<0.001),且初產日齡亦較早(p<0.001),但在雜交二代母雞之產蛋數與初產日齡則無顯著差異。雜交二代P9母雞有較高的40週齡蛋重(P<0.001);母雞初產體重與40週齡藾菢天數無論在雜交一代與雜交二代之雜交組合間皆無顯著差異。

關鍵語:畜試土雞、來亨雞、雜交

 

In order to set up reference family for gene mapping, the F1 hybrid progenies were produced from reciprocal crosses between LRI native chicken inbred line 9(L9) and Leghorn(P), and F2 were produced by F1 full-sib mating. The hybrid P9 was produced by L9 hen mated with P cock, and 9P was produced by P hen mated with L9 cock. The growth and reproduction traits of F1 and F2  from different mating designs were examined. Results showed the body weights at 16 weeks of 9P were heavier than P9 in both genders of F1, and the cockerels of 9P are also heavier than those of P9 (P< 0.001). The body weight at 40 weeks of P9 were significant lighter than 9P in F1 hens (P< 0.05).  Showing an early age at first egg,  F1 hens of P9 produced more eggs up to 40 weeks of age (P< 0.001). However, the age at first egg and the egg numbers up to the 40 weeks of age did not differ significantly between P9 and 9P in F2.  The egg weight at 40 weeks of P9 was heavier than those of 9P in F2. Neither F1 nor F2 differed significantly between P9 and 9P for body weight at first egg and broody days up to 40 weeks of age.

key Words: LRI Native Chicken, Leghorn, hybrid