中國畜牧學會會誌37(增刊)  ,2008
J. Chin. Soc. Anim. Sci. 37(Suppl.)

168

68.桃園豬體型性狀

 

陳佳萱(1) (4) 劉建甫(2) 李琱(1) 顏念慈(1) 張慕慈(4) 張秀鑾(3) 黃木秋(4) 吳明哲(1)

(1)行政院農業委員會畜產試驗所 (2)行政院農業委員會農糧署南區分署 

(3)國立屏東科技大學動物科學與畜產系 (4)國立中興大學動物科學系

 

民國六十幾年,隨著三品種肉豬興起,桃園種豬在我國豬隻改良所扮演的角色逐漸沒落,而純種桃園種豬已不復多見。畜產試驗所自76年開始進行國家級保種計畫,對具本土特色之桃園豬進行各項試驗研究,有助於增加台灣本地畜產種原資料庫的多樣性。本試驗收集9097年桃園豬180日齡體型性狀,量測項目共十項,結果分別為體高45.53 ± 3.75 cm、十字部高50.51 ± 4.13 cm、體長79.63 ± 8.67 cm、胸圍74.63 ± 8.32 cm、管圍15.38 ± 1.66 cm、尾徑11.40 ± 1.56 cm、後幅20.77 ± 5.94 cm、胸幅18.52 ± 2.87 cm、前幅20.67 ± 3.12 與胸深24.36 ± 2.85 cm。體型量測有助於了解保種族群體型變化,並且收集資料有助增進對該品種了解,選擇最適合的飼養方式。

 

關鍵語:體型性狀、桃園豬

 

 

THE BODY CONFORMATION OF TAOYUAN PIGS 

 

C. H. Chen(1) (4), C. F. Liu(2), H. F. Lee(1), N. T. Yen(1), M. T. Chang(4)

H. L. Chang(3) M. C. Huang(4) and M. C. Wu(1) 

 (1)Livestock Research Institute, Council of Agriculture (2) Southern Regional Office, Agriculture and Food Agency, COA, Executive Yuan (3)Department of Animal Science, National Ping Tung University of Science and Technology (4)Department of Animal Science, National Chung Hsing University

 

As follow by LYD hybrid become major market pig, the Taoyuan pigs were almost out of pig improving selection in Taiwan from 1970. So far, the native Taoyuan pigs were nearly disappeared. Therefore, the livestock research institute began to carry out conservation project from 1987; more investigations associated with Taoyuan pigs were performed. Total of 10 measures of body conformation record from 180 days old pigs of Taoyuan were collected in 2001 to 2008. The results revealed that withers height, plus point height, body length, chest girth, shank circumference, tail circumference, hind width, chest width, shoulder width and chest depth of Taoyuan pigs were 45.53 ± 3.75, 50.51 ± 4.13, 79.63 ± 8.67, 74.63 ± 8.32, 15.38 ± 1.66, 11.40 ± 1.56, 20.77 ± 5.94, 18.52 ± 2.87, 20.67 ± 3.12 and 24.36 ± 2.85, respectively. These results may help us to understand the change of body conformation in conserved population, and to choices more better feeding manners based on our study results.

 

Key Words: Body conformation, Taoyuan pig